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Impact of parent-provided distraction on child responses to an IV insertion
Children's Health Care
  • Ann Marie McCarthy, University of Iowa
  • Charmaine Kleiber, University of Iowa
  • KIrsten M. Hanrahan, University of Iowa
  • M. B. Zimmerman
  • N. Westhus
  • S. Allen
Document Type
Peer Reviewed
Publication Date
NLM Title Abbreviation
Child Health Care
DOI of Published Version
This study evaluates the impact of parent-provided distraction on children's responses (behavioral, physiological, parent, and self-report) during an IV insertion. Participants were 542 children, 4 to 10 years old, randomized to an experimental group that received a parent distraction coaching intervention or to routine care. Experimental group children had significantly less cortisol responsivity (p = .026). Children that received the highest level of distraction coaching had the lowest distress on behavioral, parent report, and cortisol measures. When parents provide a higher frequency and quality of distraction, children have lower distress responses on most measures.
  • Catheterization,
  • Peripheral -- Psychosocial Factors,
  • Distraction,
  • Parents,
  • Chi Square Test,
  • Child,
  • Child,
  • Preschool,
  • Clinical Assessment Tools,
  • Clinical Trials,
  • Confidence Intervals,
  • Female,
  • Funding Source,
  • Human,
  • Hydrocortisone -- Blood,
  • Kruskal-Wallis Test,
  • Logistic Regression,
  • Male,
  • Midwestern United States,
  • Questionnaires,
  • Random Assignment,
  • Repeated Measures,
  • Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test
Published Article/Book Citation
Children's Health Care, 39:2 (2010) pp.125-141. DOI:10.1080/02739611003679915.
Citation Information
Ann Marie McCarthy, Charmaine Kleiber, KIrsten M. Hanrahan, M. B. Zimmerman, et al.. "Impact of parent-provided distraction on child responses to an IV insertion" Children's Health Care Vol. 39 Iss. 2 (2010) p. 125 - 141 ISSN: 0273-9615
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