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Perceived changes in adult family members' roles and responsibilities during critical illness
Image--the journal of nursing scholarship
  • S. K. Johnson
  • M. Craft
  • M. Titler
  • M. Halm
  • Charmaine Kleiber, University of Iowa
  • L. A. Montgomery
  • K. Megivern
  • A. Nicholson
  • Kathleen C Buckwalter, University of iowa
Document Type
Peer Reviewed
Publication Date
NLM Title Abbreviation
Image J Nurs Sch
PubMed ID
An exploratory design was used to study the effects of critical care hospitalization on family roles and responsibilities of adult family members and how these effects changed over time. A convenience sample of 52 subjects from pediatric, neonatal, surgical, medical, and cardiovascular intensive care units was used. Data were collected using an open-ended question contained in the Iowa ICU Family Scale (IIFS). Using qualitative techniques, seven themes were identified: (a) Pulling together, (b) Fragmentation of families, (c) Increased dependence, (d) Increased independence, (e) Increased responsibilities, (f) Change in routine, and (g) Change in feelings. These findings indicate that nurses need to implement family-centered interventions such as role supplementation programs or identification of support systems to decrease role strain and role overload in families during a crisis.
  • Adolescent,
  • Adult,
  • Aged,
  • Child,
  • Crisis Intervention,
  • Critical Care/psychology,
  • Critical Illness/nursing/psychology,
  • Family/psychology,
  • Female,
  • Humans,
  • Infant,
  • Infant,
  • Newborn,
  • Male,
  • Middle Aged,
  • Social Responsibility,
  • Social Support
Published Article/Book Citation
Image--the journal of nursing scholarship, 27:3 (1995) pp.238-243.
Citation Information
S. K. Johnson, M. Craft, M. Titler, M. Halm, et al.. "Perceived changes in adult family members' roles and responsibilities during critical illness" Image--the journal of nursing scholarship Vol. 27 Iss. 3 (1995) p. 238 - 243 ISSN: 0743-5150
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