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Article
Risk factors associated with pressure ulcers in the pediatric patient following open--heart surgery
Progress in cardiovascular nursing
  • J. R. Neidig
  • Charmaine Kleiber, University of Iowa
  • R. A. Oppliger
Document Type
Article
Peer Reviewed
1
Publication Date
7-1-1989
NLM Title Abbreviation
Prog Cardiovasc Nurs
PubMed ID
2813324
Abstract

From a retrospective chart audit conducted on 59 infants and children who had survived open-heart surgery, 16.9% were found to have developed ulcers on the occipital region of their scalps during the postoperative period. Four risk factors were identified: age, type of congenital heart defect, length of time intubated, and length of stay in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). A protocol designed to decrease the amount of pressure and shearing force applied to the occipital region of these patients postoperatively was implemented. A dramatic decline to 4.8% in the incidence of pressure ulcers was noted after implementation of the protocol.

Keywords
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures,
  • Child,
  • Preschool,
  • Female,
  • Humans,
  • Infant,
  • Infant,
  • Newborn,
  • Male,
  • Postoperative Complications/etiology,
  • Pressure Ulcer/etiology/nursing/prevention & control,
  • Retrospective Studies,
  • Risk Factors
Published Article/Book Citation
Progress in cardiovascular nursing, 4:3 (1989) pp.99-106.
Disciplines
Citation Information
J. R. Neidig, Charmaine Kleiber and R. A. Oppliger. "Risk factors associated with pressure ulcers in the pediatric patient following open--heart surgery" Progress in cardiovascular nursing Vol. 4 Iss. 3 (1989) p. 99 - 106 ISSN: 0889-7204
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/charmaine_kleiber/3/