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Bioethics for Clinicians: 16. Dealing with Demands for Inappropriate Treatment
Canadian Medical Association Journal (1998)
  • Charles Weijer, University of Toronto
  • Peter A. Singer, University of Toronto
  • Bernard M. Dickens, University of Toronto
  • Stephen Workman, University of Toronto

Demands by Patients or their Families for treatment thought to be inappropriate by health care providers constitute an important set of moral problems in clinical practice. A variety of approaches to such cases have been described in the literature, including medical futility, standard of care and negotiation. Medical futility fails because it confounds morally distinct cases: demand for an ineffective treatment and demand for an effective treatment that supports a controversial end (e.g., permanent unconsciousness). Medical futility is not necessary in the first case and is harmful in the second. Ineffective treatment falls outside the standard of care, and thus health care workers have no obligation to provide it. Demands for treatment that supports controversial ends are difficult cases best addressed through open communication, negotiation and the use of conflict-resolution techniques. Institutions should ensure that fair and unambiguous procedures for dealing with such cases are laid out in policy statements.

  • Bioethics,
  • Medical Ethics,
  • Withholding Treatment
Publication Date
October 6, 1998
Publisher Statement
Reprinted in: Singer PA. (Ed.). Bioethics at the Bedside: A Clinician’s Guide. 107-115.
Dr. Charles Weijer is currently a faculty member at The University of Western Ontario.
Citation Information
Charles Weijer, Peter A. Singer, Bernard M. Dickens and Stephen Workman. "Bioethics for Clinicians: 16. Dealing with Demands for Inappropriate Treatment" Canadian Medical Association Journal Vol. 159 Iss. 7 (1998)
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