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Factors Associated With the Psychological Well-Being and Distress of University Students
Journal of American College Health (2009)
  • Jessica L. Burris, University of Kentucky
  • Emily H. Brechting, University of Kentucky
  • John M. Salsman
  • Charles R. Carlson, University of Kentucky

Objective: Because of the serious nature of psychiatric illness and related problems, the authors attempted to identify demographic, individual, and behavioral factors linked to university students' psychological health.

Participants: They surveyed 353 (60.9% female) predominately Caucasian (88.7%) university students attending a large public university.

Methods: The authors used a self-report questionnaire including valid and reliable psychometric instruments for all study variables. They conducted multiple regression analyses to examine associations among study variables using a cross-sectional design.

Results: More favorable health states (ie, greater psychological well-being and less distress) were positively associated with optimism, health values, and religiousness and were negatively associated with spirituality and number of sexual partners.

Conclusions: Results demonstrated that multiple protective and risk factors contribute to the psychological well-being and distress of university students. Health promotion practitioners should adopt strategies that strengthen the personality characteristics and values associated with university students' psychological health.

  • college health,
  • health-as-a-value,
  • religiousness,
  • sexual practices,
  • spirituality
Publication Date
Citation Information
Jessica L. Burris, Emily H. Brechting, John M. Salsman and Charles R. Carlson. "Factors Associated With the Psychological Well-Being and Distress of University Students" Journal of American College Health Vol. 57 Iss. 5 (2009)
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