The town of Arles, situated along the east bank of the Rhone River in the south of Roman Gaul, was initially constructed in the late first century B.C. as a colony for the sixth legion, and was officially designated in Latin as the Colonia Julia Paterna Arelate Sextanorum. Like other Roman provincial towns in this region, such as Arausio (Orange) and Nemausus (Nimes), favored by the first emperor Augustus and his Julio-Claudian Dynasty (31 B.C. - A.D. 68), it was a model city meant to showcase the amenities of civilized urban living among barbarians subjects. It was early outfitted with the stone structures typical in a model imperial colony.
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