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Article
Cell Phone Use and Visual Attention
Perceptual and Motor Skills
  • Charles Golden, Nova Southeastern University
  • C. J. Golden
  • Barry Schneider, Nova Southeastern University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
10-1-2003
Keywords
  • Adult,
  • Attention,
  • Automobile Driving,
  • Cellular Phone,
  • Neuropsychological Tests,
  • Pattern Recognition,
  • Psychometrics,
  • Psychomotor Performance,
  • Reference Values,
  • Verbal Behavior
Disciplines
Abstract
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate how much cell phones and just speaking (similar to speaking to someone in the car vs a hands-free cell phone task) interfere with visual attention skills as might be required in a driving situation. Influence of cell phones on attention has been noted but little research has been completed. Licensed adult drivers were divided into three groups (ns = 15) with all subjects taking the Connors Continuous Performance Test II. Group 1 performed without any distractions: those in Group 2 performed with someone in the same room talking to them: Group 3 engaged in a cell phone conversation during the task. Overall, there were substantial differences among groups on all variables, but primarily between the control group and the two experimental groups. While the cell phone group had lower mean scores than the talking group overall, the differences were not significant. Thus, while cell phones were distracting to visual attention functions on the Connors task, they were not more distracting than a similarly active conversation without a cell phone.
DOI
10.2466/PMS.97.6.385-389
Citation Information
Charles Golden, C. J. Golden and Barry Schneider. "Cell Phone Use and Visual Attention" Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol. 97 Iss. 2 (2003) p. 385 - 389 ISSN: 0031-5125
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/charles-golden/45/