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Unpublished Paper
Error Correction
ExpressO (2009)
  • Chad M Oldfather
Under most accounts of appellate review, error correction stands with law declaration as the core institutional functions. Yet while a vast amount of scholarship addresses the process of judicial law creation, error correction has received little attention, and there appears to be a consensus that it is straightforward and settled. One goal of this article is to challenge this understanding. To be sure, the architecture of our judiciary reflects a worldview in which legal questions have correct answers and courts’ role is simply to find them. On that understanding there is nothing for appellate courts to do but correct error. We no longer inhabit that world. Instead, as the saying goes, “we are all Realists” in that we accept the indeterminacy of legal standards and recognize that courts must often make (rather than merely find) law. This jurisprudential shift has significant implications for error correction. Simply put, it is no longer meaningful to speak of trial court “error” in many cases, leaving the precise nature of the appellate role undefined and likely indefinable if we continue to conceive of it as involving a search for error. The article’s second goal is to suggest a way out. Rather than attempting to achieve greater conceptual clarity with respect to the nature of error, the article advocates conceiving of the error correction function as involving “derivative dispute resolution.” On this view the appellate role involves not a relatively unconstrained search for “error,” but rather the task of resolving a second-order dispute between the parties concerning the propriety of the trial court’s handling of the case. Such a view, I contend, provides a way to harness the instrumental genius of the adversary system to provide greater judicial accountability and legitimacy.
Publication Date
March 2, 2009
Citation Information
Chad M Oldfather. "Error Correction" ExpressO (2009)
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