Making Revolution from the Middle: Construction of Middle-Class Narratives in South Korea and the Philippines(2014)
In this paper, we examine how the middle-class narratives are constructed in democratic movements in South Korea and the Philippines. Previous studies have argued that the middle classes are the major player in leading to political democracy in the developing world. However, few have paid attention to discursive conditions or narratives through which the middle classes were evoked. We argue that during the democratic transition, "moderate" opposition forces -- the critical intellectuals and ordinary white-collar workers in Korea and the landed elite-Catholic Church bloc in the Philippines -- portrayed the middle classes an alternative social force to reflect their vision of the transition and democracy, which was differentiated from radical left-wing groups, right-wing coup plotters, and authoritarian ruling groups. By drawing on archival data, we show how middle-class narratives supporting particular visions of nationalism and democracy were shaped by academics, mass media, and even states.
Publication DateNovember 25, 2014
Citation InformationVillegas, C. M. and Yang, M. , 2011-08-19 "Making Revolution from the Middle: Construction of Middle-Class Narratives in South Korea and the Philippines" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas, NV Online . 2014-11-25 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p506910_index.html