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Article
Secondary Product glucosyltransferase and putative glucosyltransferase expression during Citrus paradisi (c.v. Duncan) growth and development.
Phytochemistry (2011)
  • Jala J Daniel, East Tennessee State University
  • Daniel K. Owens, East Tennessee State University
  • Cecilia A. McIntosh, East Tennessee State University
Abstract
Flavonoids are secondary metabolites that have significant roles in plant defense and human nutrition. Glucosyltransferases (GTs) catalyze the transfer of sugars from high energy sugar donors to other substrates. Several different secondary product GTs exist in the tissues of grapefruit making it a model plant for studying their structure and function. The goal of this investigation was to determine the expression patterns of seven putative secondary product GTs during grapefruit growth and development by quantifying mRNA expression levels in the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and mature fruit to establish whether the genes are expressed constitutively or if one or more could be expressed in a tissue specific manner and/or developmentally regulated. Six growth stages were defined from which RNA was extracted, and expression levels were quantified by standardized densitometry of gene-specific RT-PCR products. Results show that there were variable degrees of PGT expression in different tissues and at different developmental stages. These results add to the growing knowledge base of dynamics of expression and potential regulation of secondary metabolism in Citrus paradisi.
Publication Date
October, 2011
DOI
10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.04.024
Citation Information
Daniel, J. J., Owens, D. K., & McIntosh, C. A. (2011). Secondary product glucosyltransferase and putative glucosyltransferase expression during Citrus paradisi (c.v. Duncan) growth and development. Phytochemistry, 72(14–15), 1732–1738. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.04.024