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Marriage and parenthood in relation to obesogenic neighborhood trajectories: The CARDIA study
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
  • Janne Boone-Heinonen, Oregon Health & Science University
  • Annie Green Howard, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Katie Meyer, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Cora E. Lewis, University of Alabama - Birmingham
  • Catarina I. Kiefe, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Helena H. Laroche, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
  • Erica P. Gunderson, Kaiser Permanente
  • Penny Gordon-Larsen, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Publication Date
Document Type
Marriage and parenthood are associated with weight gain and residential mobility. Little is known about how obesity-relevant environmental contexts differ according to family structure. We estimated trajectories of neighborhood poverty, population density, and density of fast food restaurants, supermarkets, and commercial and public physical activity facilities for adults from a biracial cohort (CARDIA, n=4,174, aged 25-50) over 13 years (1992-93 through 2005-06) using latent growth curve analysis. We estimated associations of marriage, parenthood, and race with the observed neighborhood trajectories. Married participants tended to live in neighborhoods with lower poverty, population density, and availability of all types of food and physical activity amenities. Parenthood was similarly but less consistently related to neighborhood characteristics. Marriage and parenthood were more strongly related to neighborhood trajectories in whites (versus blacks), who, in prior studies, exhibit weaker associations between neighborhood characteristics and health. Greater understanding of how interactive family and neighborhood environments contribute to healthy living is needed.
  • Built environment,
  • Geographic information systems,
  • Life course,
  • Longitudinal study,
  • Obesity
DOI of Published Version
Health Place. 2015 Jul;34:229-40. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.05.005. Epub 2015 Jun 18. Link to article on publisher's site
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
Citation Information
Janne Boone-Heinonen, Annie Green Howard, Katie Meyer, Cora E. Lewis, et al.. "Marriage and parenthood in relation to obesogenic neighborhood trajectories: The CARDIA study" Vol. 34 (2015) ISSN: 1353-8292 (Linking)
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