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Article
Association of education with dietary intake among young adults in the bi-ethnic Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort
Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations
  • S. L. Archer, Northwestern University
  • J. E. Hilner, Wake Forest University
  • A. R. Dyer, Northwestern University
  • Kurt J. Greenlund
  • Laura A. Colangelo, Northwestern University
  • Catarina I. Kiefe, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • K. Liu, Northwestern University
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Date
10-14-2003
Document Type
Article
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; *African Continental Ancestry Group; Cholesterol, Dietary; Cohort Studies; *Coronary Artery Disease; Dietary Fats; Educational Status; *European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Food Preferences; *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Nutritional Sciences; Prospective Studies; Questionnaires; Risk Factors; Taste; United States
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of changes in dietary intake with education in young black and white men and women.

DESIGN: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, a multi-centre population-based prospective study. Dietary intake data at baseline and year 7 were obtained from an extensive nutritionist-administered diet history questionnaire with 700 items developed for CARDIA.

SETTING: Participants were recruited in 1985-1986 from four sites: Birmingham, Alabama; Chicago, Illinois; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Oakland, California.

SUBJECTS: Participants were from a general community sample of 703 black men (BM), 1006 black women (BW), 963 white men (WM) and 1054 white women (WW) who were aged 18-30 years at baseline. Analyses here include data for baseline (1985-1986) and year 7 (1992-1993).

RESULTS: Most changes in dietary intake were observed among those with high education (>or=12 years) at both examinations. There was a significant decrease in intake of energy from saturated fat and cholesterol and a significant increase in energy from starch for each race-gender group (P<0.001). Regardless of education, taste was considered an important influence on food choice.

CONCLUSION: The inverse relationship of education with changes in saturated fat and cholesterol intakes suggests that national public health campaigns may have a greater impact among those with more education.

Rights and Permissions
Citation: Public Health Nutr. 2003 Oct;6(7):689-95.
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
Citation Information
S. L. Archer, J. E. Hilner, A. R. Dyer, Kurt J. Greenlund, et al.. "Association of education with dietary intake among young adults in the bi-ethnic Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort" Vol. 6 Iss. 7 (2003) ISSN: 1368-9800 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/catarina_kiefe/174/