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Weight gain continues in the 1990s: 10-year trends in weight and overweight from the CARDIA study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations
  • Cora E. Lewis, University of Alabama
  • David R. Jacobs, University of Minnesota
  • Heather McCreath, University of Alabama
  • Catarina I. Kiefe, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Pamela J. Schreiner, University of Minnesota
  • Delia E. Smith, University of Alabama
  • O. Dale Williams, University of Alabama
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Date
7-25-2000
Document Type
Article
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; African Continental Ancestry Group; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Heart Diseases; Humans; Incidence; Male; Obesity; Prevalence; Prospective Studies; Regression Analysis; Risk Assessment; *Weight Gain; Women's Health
Abstract

The prevalence of obesity increased in the United States through the 1980s. The authors examined 10-year aging and secular (time-related) trends in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort for indications of whether these trends are continuing and for ages of peak weight gain in young adults. CARDIA is a population-based, prospective study of 5,115 African-American and White men and women aged 18-30 years at baseline. Body weight and overweight prevalence were measured at five time points from 1985-1986 to 1995-1996. Linear, mixed-model regression was used to partition weight gain into that due to secular trends and that due to aging. Prevalence of overweight (body mass index (BMI) > or = 25.0 kg/m2) increased markedly, and prevalence of severe obesity (BMI > or = 40.0 kg/m2) doubled in all race-sex groups. Each race-sex group experienced significant secular weight gains, ranging from 0.96 kg/year (95% confidence interval: 79, 1.13) in African-American women to 0.55 kg/year (95% confidence interval: 0.41, 0.69) in White women. Significant secular gains were present during each follow-up period. Each race-sex group also experienced significant weight increases related to aging during their early to midtwenties. Secular trends for weight gain are continuing in CARDIA, but the magnitude of weight gain differed among the four race-sex groups.

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Citation: Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Jun 15;151(12):1172-81.
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
Citation Information
Cora E. Lewis, David R. Jacobs, Heather McCreath, Catarina I. Kiefe, et al.. "Weight gain continues in the 1990s: 10-year trends in weight and overweight from the CARDIA study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults" Vol. 151 Iss. 12 (2000) ISSN: 0002-9262 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/catarina_kiefe/156/