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Gamma-glutamyltransferase is a predictor of incident diabetes and hypertension: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations
  • Duk-Hee Lee
  • David R. Jacobs, University of Minnesota
  • Myron Gross, University of Minnesota
  • Catarina I. Kiefe, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Jeffrey Roseman, University of Alabama
  • Cora E. Lewis, University of Alabama
  • Michael Steffes, University of Minnesota
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Publication Date
7-26-2003
Document Type
Article
Subjects
Adolescent; Adult; African Continental Ancestry Group; Body Mass Index; Clinical Enzyme Tests; Diabetes Mellitus; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Humans; Hypertension; Incidence; Male; Predictive Value of Tests; Prospective Studies; gamma-Glutamyltransferase
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), which maintains cellular concentrations of glutathione, may be a marker of oxidative stress, and GGT itself may produce oxidative stress. We performed a prospective study to examine whether serum GGT predicts diabetes and hypertension. METHODS: Study participants were 4844 black and white men and women 18-30 years of age in 1985-1986; they were reexamined 2, 5, 7, 10, and 15 years later. Year 0 GGT cutpoints were 12, 17, 25, and 36 U/L (overall 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles; the laboratory cutpoints for abnormal are 40 U/L in women and 50 U/L in men). We deleted 32 participants with prevalent diabetes and 140 participants with prevalent hypertension from the respective incidence analyses. RESULTS: After adjustment for study center, race, sex, and age in proportional hazards regression, the hazard ratios across year 0 GGT categories were 1.0, 1.6, 1.7, 4.0 (95% confidence interval, 2.0-8.1), and 5.5 (2.7-11.1) for 15-year incident diabetes and 1.0, 1.2, 1.7 (1.2-2.2), 2.3 (1.7-3.2), and 2.3 (1.7-3.2) for hypertension. Additional adjustment for year 0 alcohol consumption, body mass index, cigarette smoking, and physical activity attenuated this relationship, but GGT remained a significant predictor. CONCLUSIONS: Serum GGT within a range regarded as physiologically normal is associated with incident diabetes and hypertension. Considering known functionality of GGT, these associations are consistent with a role for oxidative stress in risk for diabetes and hypertension.
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Citation: Clin Chem. 2003 Aug;49(8):1358-66.
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
Citation Information
Duk-Hee Lee, David R. Jacobs, Myron Gross, Catarina I. Kiefe, et al.. "Gamma-glutamyltransferase is a predictor of incident diabetes and hypertension: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study" Vol. 49 Iss. 8 (2003) ISSN: 0009-9147 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/catarina_kiefe/140/