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Article
Discrimination, crime, ethnic identity, and parenting as correlates of depressive symptoms among African American children: A multilevel analysis
Development and Psychopathology
  • Ronald L. Simons, Iowa State University
  • Velma Murry, University of Georgia
  • Vonnie McLoyd, University of Michigan
  • Kuei-Hsiu Lin, Iowa State University
  • Carolyn Cutrona, Iowa State University
  • Rand D. Conger, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Disciplines
Publication Date
5-15-2002
DOI
10.1017/S0954579402002109
Abstract

This study investigated the correlates of childhood depressive symptoms in an African American sample. We included processes that are likely to operate for all children, regardless of race or ethnicity, as well as events and circumstances that are largely unique to children of color. These various constructs were assessed at both the individual and community level. The analyses consisted of hierarchical linear modeling with a sample of 810 African American families living in Iowa and Georgia. Three individual-level variables were associated with childhood depressive symptoms: uninvolved parenting, racial discrimination, and criminal victimization. At the community level, prevalence of both discrimination and criminal victimization were positively related and community ethnic identification was negatively related to depressive symptoms. Further, there was evidence that community ethnic identification and neighborhood poverty serve to moderate the relationship between criminal victimization and depressive symptoms. Overall, the findings underscore the importance of considering factors unique to the everyday lives of the cultural group that is the focus of study, while demonstrating the dangers of a “one model fits all” approach to studying children of color.

Comments

This article is from Development and Psychopathology 14 (2002): 371, doi: 10.1017/S0954579402002109. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner
Cambridge University Press
Language
en
Date Available
2014-09-22
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Ronald L. Simons, Velma Murry, Vonnie McLoyd, Kuei-Hsiu Lin, et al.. "Discrimination, crime, ethnic identity, and parenting as correlates of depressive symptoms among African American children: A multilevel analysis" Development and Psychopathology Vol. 14 Iss. 2 (2002) p. 371 - 393
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/carolyn_cutrona/13/