Contribution to Book
Geometry Made Manifest: Reorienting the Historiography of Ornament on the Iranian Plateau and BeyondThe Historiography of Persian Architecture (2016)
From Owen Jones' Grammar of Ornament compiled in the middle of the nineteenth century to the discovery of quasicrystals in the late twentieth century and Lu and Steinhart's and others' explorations of decagonal and quasiperiodic tiles in Islamic monuments of Iran, the interpretation of ornament in Islamic architecture and the arts has undergone profound reassessment during the past 150 years. Broad-ranging questions concerning the universality of geometry that Oleg Grabar raised in his Mediation of Ornament, and the probing studies of Alpay Ozdural in the 1990s on architectural ornament, as well as Guru Necipoglu's historical exposition of The Topkapi Scroll have contributed to a shift from assuming that ornament is ornamental to questioning and considering the underlying mathematical nature of ornament as well as the cultural specificity of its uses in Islamic art.
- Islamic art,
- decagonal symmetry,
- Islamic ornament,
- Islamic geometric patterns
Citation InformationBier, Carol (2016). "Geometry Made Manifest: Reorienting the Historiography of Ornament on the Iranian Plateau and Beyond," in The Historiography of Persian Architecture, ed. Mohammad Gharipour. Pp. 41-79. New York: Routledge.