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Article
A multicenter retrospective study of 151 renal biopsies in horses
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2011)
  • G A Tyner
  • R D Nolen-Walston
  • T Hall
  • J P Palmero
  • L Couetil
  • L Javsicas
  • A Stack
  • H Schott
  • A Johnson
  • L Hardefeldt
  • A Gruntman
  • Carla S. Sommardahl, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • N Menzies-Gow
  • P Depedro
  • T Norman
  • L C Fennell
  • J E Axon
  • S Lindborg
  • H Aceto
  • R Boston
  • J Engiles
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Renal biopsies are uncommonly performed in horses and little is known about their diagnostic utility and associated complication rate. OBJECTIVE: To describe the techniques, the complication rate, risk factors, and histopathology results; as well as evaluate the safety and diagnostic utility of renal biopsy in the horse. ANIMALS: One hundred and forty-six horses from which 151 renal biopsies were obtained. Animals ranged in age from 48 hours to 30 years. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study, with participation of 14 institutions (1983-2009). RESULTS: Renal biopsy in horses was associated with a similar rate of complications (11.3%) to that occurring in humans and companion animals. Complications were generally associated with hemorrhage or signs of colic, and required treatment in 3% of cases. Fatality rate was low (1/151; 0.7%). Biopsy specimens yielded sufficient tissue for a histopathologic diagnosis in most cases (94%) but diagnoses had only fair (72%) agreement with postmortem findings. Risk factors for complications included biopsy specimens of the left kidney (P = .030), a diagnosis of neoplasia (P = .004), and low urine specific gravity (P = .030). No association with complications was found for age, sex, breed, institution, presenting complaint, other initial clinicopathologic data, biopsy instrument, needle size, or use of ultrasonographic guidance. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Renal biopsy in horses has low morbidity and results in a morphological histopathologic diagnosis in 94% of cases. However, this procedure might result in serious complications and should only be used when information obtained would be likely to impact decisions regarding patient management and prognosis.

Publication Date
2011
Citation Information
G A Tyner, R D Nolen-Walston, T Hall, J P Palmero, et al.. "A multicenter retrospective study of 151 renal biopsies in horses" Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine Vol. 25 Iss. 3 (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/carla_sommardahl/11/