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Article
Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Weight Loss and CVD Risk Management
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports (2015)
  • Carl E. Fulwiler, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Sinead Sinott, Assumption College
  • Judson A. Brewer, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Eric B. Loucks, Brown University
Abstract
Obesity affects more than one third of US adults and is a major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality, primarily from cardiovascular disease. Traditional behavioral interventions for weight loss typically focus on diet and exercise habits and often give little attention to the role of stress and emotions in the initiation and maintenance of unhealthy behaviors, which may account for their modest results and considerable variability in outcomes. Stress eating and emotional eating are increasingly recognized as important targets of weight loss interventions. Mindfulness-based interventions were specifically developed to promote greater self-efficacy in coping with stress and negative emotions and appear to be effective for a variety of conditions. In recent years, researchers have begun to study mindfulness interventions for weight loss and CVD risk management. This review describes the rationale for the use of mindfulness in interventions for weight loss and CVD risk management, summarizes the research to date, and suggests priorities for future research.
Keywords
  • obesity,
  • cardiovascular disease,
  • weight loss,
  • stress eating,
  • mindfulness,
  • CVD risk management,
  • interventions
Publication Date
August 29, 2015
DOI
10.1007/s12170-015-0474-1
Citation Information
Fulwiler, C., Brewer, J.A., Sinnott, S. et al. Curr Cardiovasc Risk Rep (2015) 9: 46. doi:10.1007/s12170-015-0474-1