Skip to main content
Article
Five Downtown Strategies: Policy Discourse and Downtown Planning Since 1945
Journal of Policy History
  • Carl Abbott, Portland State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-1993
Subjects
  • Urban planning,
  • Cities and towns,
  • Cities and towns -- United States -- History -- 20th century
Abstract
Downtown planning since World War II has been based on constantly changing assumptions about the nature of central business districts. From 1945 to 1955, downtown was seen as the city's unitary center, and the focus of planning activity was the improvement of downtown access and circulation. Between 1955 and 1965, downtown became a declining activity center and failing real estate market; planners and business groups fought decline and competition from the suburbs through programs like urban renewal. In the decade after 1965, a reaction against urban renewal led to a new conception of downtown as a set of distinct functional subdistricts, each needing particularized treatment. From 1975 to 1985, downtown was reconceptualized as a "theme park" to serve tourists, conventioneers, and suburbanites. Since 1985, planners have seen downtown as a financial and administrative command post dedicated to power, money, and technology.
Description

This is the publisher's final PDF. Article appears in Journal of Policy History (http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=JPH) and is Copyright 1993 Cambridge University Press.

DOI
10.1017/S0898030600006588
Persistent Identifier
http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/8599
Citation Information
Abbott, C. (1993). FIVE DOWNTOWN STRATEGIES: POLICY DISCOURSE AND DOWNTOWN PLANNING SINCE 1945. Journal Of Policy History, 5(1), 5-27.