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Point Of Zero Charge Determination in Soils and Minerals via Traditional Methods and Detection of Electroacoustic Mobility
Geoderma
  • Chip Appel, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
  • Lena Q. Ma, University of Florida
  • R. Dean Rhue, University of Florida
  • Elizabeth Kennelley, University of Florida
Publication Date
4-1-2003
Abstract

Points of zero charge were determined on two highly weathered surface soils from Puerto Rico, an Oxisol and Ultisol, as well as mineral-standard kaolinite and synthetic goethite using three methods: (1) potentiometric titration measuring the adsorption of H+ and OH− on amphoteric surfaces in solutions of varying ionic strength (I) (point of zero salt effect), (2) direct assessment of surface charges via non-specific ion adsorption as a function of pH and I (point of zero net charge), and (3) electroacoustic mobility of reversible particles as it varies with pH and I (isoelectric point). The first two methods yielded points of zero charge for kaolinite (2.7–3.2) and synthetic goethite (7.4–8.2) comparable to those reported previously, indicating the reliability of these analyses. The soil values ranged from 3.9 to 4.4 for the Oxisol and 2.3 to 3.7 for the Ultisol. Electroacoustic mobility, as measured by the AcoustoSizer™, is a parameter that has yet to be thoroughly tested for mineral or soil systems as a viable alternative to PZC assessment. The points of zero charge from electroacoustic mobility of kaolinite (3.8–4.1) and synthetic goethite (8.1–8.2) were similar to values obtained by electrophoretic mobility. Furthermore, the values found for the Oxisol (3.4–3.5) and Ultisol (2.6–2.7) were in the range expected for these soils.

Disciplines
Citation Information
Chip Appel, Lena Q. Ma, R. Dean Rhue and Elizabeth Kennelley. "Point Of Zero Charge Determination in Soils and Minerals via Traditional Methods and Detection of Electroacoustic Mobility" Geoderma Vol. 113 Iss. 1-2 (2003) p. 77 - 93
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/cappel/2/