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Article
Reflection versus self-reflection: Sources of self-esteem boost determine behavioral outcomes
Social Psychology (2011)
  • Camille Johnson, San Jose State University
  • D. A. Stapel
Abstract

Positive self-views are known to benefit individuals. However, little attention has been paid to the means by which self-esteem is attained and the consequences associated with different paths to high self-esteem. The current studies suggest that positive self-esteem attained through self-reflection is associated with performance benefits, but that positive self-esteem attained by affiliation with successful others should not be associated with performance benefits. Two studies show that while both experiences similarly boost global self-esteem, only self-reflection has positive effects on performance.

Keywords
  • self-esteem,
  • self-affirmation,
  • temporal comparison,
  • social comparison,
  • performance
Publication Date
2011
Publisher Statement
SJSU users: use the following link to login and access the article via SJSU databases.
Citation Information
Camille Johnson and D. A. Stapel. "Reflection versus self-reflection: Sources of self-esteem boost determine behavioral outcomes" Social Psychology Vol. 42 Iss. 2 (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/camille_johnson/9/