Measurement of ESAT6-induced IFNγ responses adjunct with CXCL9 increases the rate of diagnosis of active tuberculosis in an endemic regionInternational Journal of Mycobacteriology
AbstractDue to difficulties in direct diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection where site-specific specimens are not available, indirect methods of testing for infection are required. M. tuberculosisearly secreted antigen target-6 (ESAT6) induced IFN-γ responses are specific, but do not differentiate between latent and active TB. The use of adjunct biomarkers for TB diagnosis has been proposed, such as the chemokines: CXCL9, CXCL10 and CCL2. ESAT6-induced IFN-γ CXCL9, CXCL10 and CCL2 was measured in whole blood cell supernatants of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB, n = 36) and extrapulmonary TB (ETB, n = 31) and compared with healthy endemic controls (EC, n = 33). ESAT6-induced IFN-γ responses were positive in 32% of TB cases as compared with 15% of EC cases (p = 0.048). ESAT6-induced CXCL9 responses were positive in 42% of TB cases and 15% of EC cases (p = 0.006). ESAT6-induced-CXCL10 and -CCL2 responses did not discriminate between TB and EC groups. Measurement of IFN-γ or CXCL9 together diagnosed TB (53%) cases and was significant as compared with EC (p = 0.014) cases. IFN-γ and CXCL10 together did not increase the number of TB cases diagnosed. Within TB groups, ESAT6-IFN-γ/CXCL9-based detection increased to 53% in PTB (p = 0.031) and 54% in ETB (p = 0.021), with comparable diagnosis in less severe extrapulmonary TB (L-ETB, 55%) and severe disseminated extrapulmonary TB (D-ETB, 50%). Given that 47% of TB cases remained undetected, this study shown that ESAT6-induced IFNγ and CXCL9 can support diagnosis, but must be supported by clinical correlation and other relevant investigations.
Citation InformationZahra Hasan, Nisar Rao, Naseem Salahuddin, Mussarat Ashraf, et al.. "Measurement of ESAT6-induced IFNγ responses adjunct with CXCL9 increases the rate of diagnosis of active tuberculosis in an endemic region" International Journal of Mycobacteriology Vol. 2 Iss. 3 (2013) p. 135 - 140
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/bushra_jamil/46/