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Contribution to Book
The Evolution of the Anti-Corruption Industry in the Third Wave of Anti-Corruption Work
Proceedings from the Konstanz Anti-Corruption Conference (2009)
  • Bryane Michael
Work on anti-corruption has changed significantly in the mid-1990s -- reflecting a "third wave" of anti-corruption work. If the first and second waves of anti-corruption work reflected the marketisation of anti-corruption projects, the third wave reflects the direct cross-border co-operation between law enforcement agencies (particularly in the European Union). The first part of this paper reviews the literature and the data we consulted in our (rather informal) study. The second part traces the evolution of the anti-corruption industry across time – showing the beginning of each new wave as a “structural break” in the organisational structure of project delivery. The observation of such structural breaks provides an objective criteria for determining when a new wave began – independently of the observer. The third part of the paper reviews the economics of the anti-corruption industry through each of these waves. The fourth section provides tentative observations for other donors and participants in the anti-corruption industry – such as UNDP, the World Bank, NGOs and consulting companies – on lessons from the European Union. This paper unabashedly uses New Institutional Economics as a framework for explaining the interaction of donors, countries, consulting companies and consultants in contributing to the three “structural breaks” in the organisation of the anti-corruption industry during the last 20 years.
  • anticorruption industry,
  • usaid,
  • eu,
  • development
Publication Date
Winter 2009
Citation Information
Bryane Michael. "The Evolution of the Anti-Corruption Industry in the Third Wave of Anti-Corruption Work" ConstanzProceedings from the Konstanz Anti-Corruption Conference (2009)
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