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Article
Trade Structure, Transboundary Pollution and Multilateral Trade Liberalization: The Effects on Environmental Taxes and Welfare
Environmental and Resource Economics (2013)
  • Bruno Nkuiya, University of Alberta
Abstract
This paper considers a trade situation where the production activities of potentially heterogeneous countries generate pollution which can cross borders and harm the well-being of all the countries involved. In each of those countries the policy maker levies pollution taxes on the polluting firms and a tariff on imports in order to correct that distortion. The purpose of the paper is to investigate the effect of a reduction in the tariff on equilibrium pollution taxes and welfare. The existing literature has investigated this problem for trade between two identical countries. This paper analyzes the problem in the more realistic context where countries are not necessarily identical and trade can be multilateral. It becomes possible to show what bias is introduced when those two realities are neglected. I find that a tariff reduction can actually lower output; it can also lower welfare even if pollution is purely local.
Keywords
  • Trade liberalizationPollution taxesTransboundary pollutionHeterogeneous countriesImperfect markets
Publication Date
Winter January 10, 2013
DOI
doi:10.1007/s10640-012-9629-4
Citation Information
Nkuiya, Bruno (2013). Trade Structure, Transboundary Pollution and Multilateral Trade Liberalization: The Effects on Environmental Taxes and Welfare. Environmental and Resource Economics, 55(3), 337-355.