Mutations Targeting Intermodular Interfaces or Calcium Binding Destabilize the Thrombospondin-2 Signature DomaiJournal of Biological Chemistry (2008)
Thrombospondins (THBSs) are a family of secreted calcium-binding glycoproteins with roles in angiogenesis, cell motility, apoptosis, cytoskeletal organization, and extracellular matrix organization. The THBS-2 signature domain (three epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like modules, a wire module with 13 calcium-binding repeats, and a lectin-like module) binds 30 calcium ions and forms extensive interactions among its parts. We explored the significance of these structural elements by examining the impact of 10 different mutations known to result in pseudoachondrodysplasia or multiple epiphyseal dysplasia when found in the homologous wire and lectin-like modules of thrombospondin-5 (THBS-5). A variety of observations indicate that the mutations result in unstable THBS-5 proteins that aggregate in the endoplasmic reticulum. We introduced the mutations into homologous sites of a THBS-2 construct, for which the crystal structure is known, and determined the effects of the mutations on structure as assayed by differential scanning calorimetry and expression of the epitope for the 4B6.13 conformation-sensitive antibody. Abnormalities were found in one or more of several readouts: stability of interactions between the wire and lectin-like modules, stabilities of the EGF-like and wire modules, expression of the 4B6.13 epitope in soluble protein, and expression of the 4B6.13 epitope in substrate-adsorbed protein at different calcium concentrations. The patterns of abnormalities support the idea that the EGF-like, wire, and lectin-like modules constitute a dynamic and interactive calcium-sensitive structure in which a distortion at one site is transmitted to distal sites, leading to global changes in the protein.
Publication DateOctober, 2008
Citation InformationC. Britt Carlson, Kristin A. Gunderson and Deane F. Mosher. "Mutations Targeting Intermodular Interfaces or Calcium Binding Destabilize the Thrombospondin-2 Signature Domai" Journal of Biological Chemistry Vol. 283 Iss. 40 (2008) ISSN: 1083-351X
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/britt-carlson/2/