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The Reviewing of Object Files: Object-Specific Integration of Information
Cognitive Psychology (1992)
  • Daniel Kahneman, Princeton University
  • Anne Treisman, Princeton University
  • Brian J Gibbs
A series of experiments explored a form of object-specific priming. In all experiments a preview field containing two or more letters is followed by a target letter that is to be named. The displays are designed to produce a perceptual interpretation of the target as a new state of an object that reviously contained one of the primes. The link is produced in different experiments by a shared location, by a shared relative position in a moving pattern, or by successive appearance in the same moving frame. An object-specific advantage is consistently observed: naming is facilitated by a preview of the target, if (and in some cases only if) the two appearances are linked to the same object. The amount and the object specificity of the preview benefit are not affected by extending the preview duration to 1 s, or by extending the temporal gap between fields to 590 ms. The results are interpreted in terms of a reviewing process, which is triggered by the appearance of the target and retrieves just one of the previewed items. In the absence of an object link, the reviewing item is selected at random. We develop the concept of an object file as a temporary episodic representation, within which successive states of an object are linked and integrated.
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Daniel Kahneman, Anne Treisman and Brian J Gibbs. "The Reviewing of Object Files: Object-Specific Integration of Information" Cognitive Psychology Vol. 24 (1992)
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