BACKGROUND & AIMS: Regurgitative gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) refractive to medical treatment is common and caused by mechanical failure of the anti-reflux barrier. We compared the effects of magnetic sphincter augmentation (MSA) with those of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) in a randomized trial.
METHODS: Patients with moderate to severe regurgitation (assessed by the foregut symptom questionnaire) despite once-daily PPI therapy (n=152) were randomly assigned to groups given twice-daily PPIs (n=102) or laparoscopic MSA (n=50) at 20 sites, from July 2015 through February 2017. Patients answered questions from the foregut-specific reflux disease questionnaire and GERD health-related quality of life survey about regurgitation, heartburn, dysphagia, bloating, diarrhea, flatulence, and medication use, at baseline and 6 and 12 months after treatment. Six months after PPI therapy, MSA was offered to patients with persistent moderate to severe regurgitation and excess reflux episodes during impedance/pH testing on medication. Regurgitation, foregut scores, esophageal acid exposure, and adverse events were evaluated at 1 year.
RESULTS: Patients in the MSA group and those who crossed over to the MSA group after PPI therapy (n=75) had similar outcomes. MSA resulted in control of regurgitation in 72/75 patients (96%); regurgitation control was independent of preoperative response to PPIs. Only 8/43 patients receiving PPIs (19%) reported control of regurgitation. Among the 75 patients who received MSA, 61 (81%) had improvements in GERD health-related quality of life improvement scores (greater than 50%) and 68 patients (91%) discontinued daily PPI use. Proportions of patients with dysphagia decreased from 15% to 7% (P
CONCLUSIONS: In a prospective study, we found MSA to reduce regurgitation in 95% of patients with moderate to severe regurgitation despite once-daily PPI therapy. MSA is superior to twice-daily PPIs therapy in reducing regurgitation. Relief of regurgitation is sustained over 12 months. ClinicalTrials.gov no: NCT02505945.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/brian-louie/227/