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Insights into the ceria-catalyzed ketonization reaction for biofuels applications
ACS Catalysis
  • Ryan William Snell, Iowa State University
  • Brent H. Shanks, Iowa State University
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The ketonization of small organic acids is a valuable reaction for biorenewable applications. Ceria has long been used as a catalyst for this reaction; however, under both liquid and vapor phase conditions, it was found that given the right temperature regime of about 150-300 °C, cerium oxide, which was previously believed to be a stable catalyst for ketonization, can undergo bulk transformations. This result, along with other literature reports, suggest that the long held belief of two separate reaction pathways for either bulk or surface ketonization reactions are not required to explain the interaction of cerium oxide with organic acids. X-ray photon spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and temperature programmed decomposition results supported the formation of metal acetates and explained the occurrence of cerium reduction as well as the formation of cerium oxide/acetate whiskers. After thermogravimetry/mass spectrometry and FT-IR experiments, a single reaction sequence is proposed that can be applied to either surface or bulk reactions with ceria.

Reprinted (adapted) with permission from ACS Catalysis 3 (2013): 783, doi: 10.1021/cs400003n. Copyright 2013 American Chemical Society.

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American Chemical Society
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Ryan William Snell and Brent H. Shanks. "Insights into the ceria-catalyzed ketonization reaction for biofuels applications" ACS Catalysis Vol. 3 Iss. 4 (2013) p. 783 - 789
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