A polyalkynylene-based conducting polymer (molecular wire) has been synthesized within the Cu-functionalized mesoporous MCM-41 silica catalyst. Fluorescence and 13C solid-state NMR provided spectroscopic evidence that the synthesis of extended polymeric chains with a high degree of alignment requires homogeneously distributed catalytic sites throughout the entire MCM matrix. This type of homogeneity has been achieved via co-condensation of the catalytic groups in narrow pores. In addition, our results indicated that proper adjustment of the pore diameter is vital to prevent clogging of the pores with aggregated or cross-linked polymers or both.
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