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Active tuned mass damper control of wind turbine nacelle/tower vibrations with damaged foundations
Key Engineering Materials (2013)
  • Breiffni Fitzgerald, Dublin Institute of Technology
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to develop an active structural control scheme to control wind turbine nacelle/tower out-of-plane vibration. An active tuned mass damper (ATMD) is designed an placed inside the turbine nacelle. An EulerLagrangian wind turbine model based on energy formulation is developed for this purpose, which considers the structural dynamics of the system and the interaction between in-plane and out-of-plane vibrations. Also, the interaction between the blades and the tower including the ATMD is considered. The wind turbine is subjected to gravity and turbulent aerodynamic loadings. A three-dimensional (3D) model of a wind turbine foundation is designed and analysed in the finite element geotechnical code PLAXIS. The rotation of the foundation is measured and used to calculate a rotational spring constant for use in wind turbine models to describe the soil-structure interaction (SSI) between the wind turbine foundation and the underlying soil medium. Damage is induced in the soil medium by a loss in foundation stiffness. The active control scheme is shown to reduce nacelle/tower vibration when damage occurs.
Keywords
  • Damage Detection,
  • Wind Turbine,
  • Structural Control,
  • Foundations,
  • Soil-Structure Interaction
Publication Date
2013
Citation Information
Breiffni Fitzgerald. "Active tuned mass damper control of wind turbine nacelle/tower vibrations with damaged foundations" Key Engineering Materials (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/breiffni_fitzgerald/3/