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Article
New Dimensions to Pastoralists–Farmers Conflicts and Sustainable Agricultural Development in Agadama and Uwheru Communities, Niger Delta
African Security (2015)
  • Blessing Onyima, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka Nigeria
  • Victor Iwuoha
Abstract
The Niger Delta in Nigeria is known for conflicts linked with control of
oil related natural resources but not with the pastoralists and farmers. Agadama is a
coastal agrarian community in the Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State,
Nigeria. Pastoralists are usually associated with their traditional arid environments in
Northern Nigeria. But their recent presence in southern humid environments brought
new dimensions to the conflicts with their farming neighbors. The pastoralists–farmers
conflicts have a long history in Nigeria, as they are often linked to competition
for natural resources like pasture and water. This article is an ethnographic study,
which employs qualitative methods of data collection such as participant observation
and in-depth and key informant interviews while using Victor Turner’s theory of social
drama and symbolic interactionism as a theoretical framework. Data analysis was done
using thick descriptions of observed phenomenon. It reveals that the recent invasion
by pastoralists into the oil-rich Niger Delta region of Nigeria has altered the peaceful
milieu of the agrarian community, thereby leading to a gradual collapse of Agadama’s
subsistence base and impeding the growth of sustainable agricultural development
in the community. New dimensions to the pastoralists–farmers conflicts in the Niger
Delta include the rape of female farmers and shooting anyone found spraying chemicalson grasses/weeds that serve as pastures for cattle. It concludes that the government
intervention has been reactionary.

Keywords
  • Agriculture,
  • conflict,
  • environment,
  • pastoralism,
  • social drama,
  • symbolism
Disciplines
Publication Date
September 11, 2015
DOI
DOI: 10.1080/19392206.2015.1069119 To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19392206.2015.1069119
Citation Information
Blessing Onyima and Victor Iwuoha. "New Dimensions to Pastoralists–Farmers Conflicts and Sustainable Agricultural Development in Agadama and Uwheru Communities, Niger Delta" African Security Vol. 8 Iss. 3 (2015) p. 166 - 184 ISSN: ISSN: 1939-2206 (Print) 1939-2214
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/blessing-onyima/1/