Skip to main content
Virtual Spatial Graphs
Kobe Journal of Mathematics
  • Thomas Fleming
  • Blake Mellor, Loyola Marymount University
Document Type
Publication Date
Two natural generalizations of knot theory are t he study of spatially embedded graphs, and Kauffman's theory of virtual knots. In this paper we combine these approaches to begin the study of virtual spat ial graphs.
Publisher Statement

Permission has been granted by the Kobe Journal of Mathematics to supply this article for educational and research purposes. More info can be found about the Kobe Journal of Mathematics at

Citation Information
Fleming, T. and B. Mellor, 2007: Virtual Spatial Graphs. Kobe J. Math., 24, 67-85.