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Assessment of Public-Private-NGO Partnerships: Water and Sanitation Services in Slums
Natural Resources Forum (2007)
  • Bipasha Baruah, Western University
The Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) is a trade union founded in 1972 to organize women in the informal sector in the western Indian state of Gujarat for better working conditions and social security provisions. The Gujarat Mahila Housing SEWA Trust (MHT) and the SEWA Bank are independently registered SEWA sister organizations that facilitate self-employed women’s access to housing and financial services, respectively. This paper seeks to document and critically analyze the experiences of MHT and SEWA Bank in partnering with the state, the private sector, funding agencies, urban local bodies and other NGOs in developing and delivering housing, water and sanitation programs for low-income urban families living in slums. Using MHT as a case study, this paper will shed light upon challenges and opportunities NGOs may face while collaborating with partners with different core philosophies, motivations, working styles, strengths and constraints. The paper also makes recommendations that would enable different actors to play an optimal role in partnerships designed to improve the living and working conditions of the poor.
  • Public–private partnerships,
  • water,
  • sanitation,
  • slums,
  • women,
  • NGOs,
  • India
Publication Date
Citation Information
Bipasha Baruah. "Assessment of Public-Private-NGO Partnerships: Water and Sanitation Services in Slums" Natural Resources Forum (2007)
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