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Article
Effects of Particulate Matter and Antioxidant Dietary Intake on Blood Pressure
American Journal of Public Health
  • Amy J. Schulz, University of Michigan-Dearborn
  • J. Tomothy Dvonch, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
  • Angela G. Reyes, Detroit Hispanic Development Corporation, Detroit, MI
  • Betty T. Izumi, Portland State University
Document Type
Post-Print
Publication Date
1-1-2015
Subjects
  • Antioxidants -- Health aspects -- United States,
  • Blood pressure -- Research -- case studies
Disciplines
Abstract
Objectives—We assessed 2 pathways through which dietary antioxidants may counter adverse effects of exposure to particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5) on blood pressure (BP): main (compensatory) and modifying (protective) models. Methods—We used 2002 to 2003 data from the Detroit Healthy Environments Partnership community survey conducted with a multiethnic sample of adults (n = 347) in low- to moderate-income, predominantly Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black neighborhoods in Detroit, Michigan. We used generalized estimating equations to test the effects of ambient exposure to PM2.5 and dietary antioxidant intake on BP, with adjustment for multiple confounders. Results—Dietary antioxidant intake was inversely associated with systolic BP (b = −0.5; P < .05)and pulse pressure (b = −0.6; P < .05) in neighborhoods closest to major sources of airpollutants. Adverse effects of PM2.5 remained significant after accounting for antioxidant intakes. Exploratory analyses suggested potential modifying effects of antioxidant intake on associations between ambient PM2.5 exposure and BP.
Description

This is the author's version of an article which was subsequently published in the American Journal of Public Health, 105(6), 1254-1261.

Copyright (2015) American Public Health Association

Version of record can be found at:

http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302176

DOI
10.2105/AJPH.2014.302176
Persistent Identifier
http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/16507
Citation Information
Amy J. Schulz, J. Tomothy Dvonch, Angela G. Reyes and Betty T. Izumi. "Effects of Particulate Matter and Antioxidant Dietary Intake on Blood Pressure" American Journal of Public Health (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/betty-izumi/4/