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Smartphone-based contingency management for smoking cessation with smokers diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Translational Issues in Psychological Science (2016)
  • Moran Dan
  • Michael J. Grabinski
  • Bethany R. Raiff, Rowan University
Abstract
The prevalence of smoking among individuals diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is twice as high as the general smoking population. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of delivering a smartphone-based contingency management (CM) smoking cessation intervention with 3 adults diagnosed with ADHD. Using a multiple-baseline design, participants (N = 3) used their smartphones to upload 2 daily videos showing themselves measuring their carbon monoxide (CO) levels (abstinence was defined as CO ≤4 ppm). Monetary vouchers, redeemable for gift cards, were used to reinforce smoking abstinence during tapering, treatment, and thinning phases that lasted up to 28 days. During a 1-week follow-up meeting, participants provided 1 CO sample that was not rewarded. Preliminary results demonstrated that participants decreased their exhaled breath CO relative to baseline (from a mean of 24 ppm at baseline to a mean of 6 ppm during treatment). Participants rated the smartphone application as effective, convenient, and easy to use. Results suggest that a smartphone-based CM intervention is both feasible and acceptable for initiating smoking abstinence among individuals diagnosed with ADHD.
Keywords
  • ADHD,
  • smartphone,
  • contingency management,
  • smoking cessation
Disciplines
Publication Date
June, 2016
DOI
10.1037/tps0000062
Citation Information
Moran Dan, Michael J. Grabinski and Bethany R. Raiff. "Smartphone-based contingency management for smoking cessation with smokers diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder" Translational Issues in Psychological Science Vol. 2 Iss. 2 (2016) p. 116 - 127 ISSN: 2332-2136
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/bethany-raiff/2/