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Article
The Western dietary pattern is prospectively associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescence
ECU Publications 2013
  • Wendy Oddy
  • Carly Herbison
  • Peter Jacoby
  • Gina Ambrosini
  • Therese O'Sullivan, Edith Cowan University
  • O.T. Ayonrinde
  • John Olynyk
  • Lucinda J Black
  • Lawrence Beilin
  • Trevor Mori
  • Beth Hands
  • Leon Adams
Publication Date
1-1-2013
Document Type
Journal Article
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
Faculty
Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science
School
School of Exercise and Health Sciences
RAS ID
16253
Comments
This article was originally published as: Oddy, W., Herbison , C., Jacoby, P., Ambrosini , G., O'Sullivan, T. , Ayonrinde , O., Olynyk , J., Black, L., Beilin , L., Mori , T., Hands, B., & Adams , L. (2013). The Western dietary pattern is prospectively associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescence. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 108(0), 778-785 . Original article available here
Abstract
Objectives: Poor dietary habits have been implicated in the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, little is known about the role of specific dietary patterns in the development of NAFLD. We examined prospective associations between dietary patterns and NAFLD in a population-based cohort of adolescents. Methods: Participants in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study completed a food frequency questionnaire at 14 years and had liver ultrasound at 17 years (n=995). Healthy and Western dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis and all participants received a z-score for these patterns. Prospective associations between the dietary pattern scores and risk of NAFLD were analyzed using multiple logistic regression. Results: NAFLD was present in 15.2% of adolescents. A higher Western dietary pattern score at 14 years was associated with a greater risk of NAFLD at 17 years (odds ratio (OR) 1.59; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17-2.14; P<0.005), although these associations were no longer significant after adjusting for body mass index at 14 years. However, a healthy dietary pattern at 14 years appeared protective against NAFLD at 17 years in centrally obese adolescents (OR 0.63; 95% CI 0.41-0.96; P=0.033), whereas a Western dietary pattern was associated with an increased risk of NAFLD. Conclusions: A Western dietary pattern at 14 years in a general population sample was associated with an increased risk of NAFLD at 17 years, particularly in obese adolescents. In centrally obese adolescents with NAFLD, a healthy dietary pattern may be protective, whereas a Western dietary pattern may increase the risk.
Citation Information
Wendy Oddy, Carly Herbison, Peter Jacoby, Gina Ambrosini, et al.. "The Western dietary pattern is prospectively associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescence" (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/beth-hands/9/