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Article
Maternal hypertensive diseases negatively affect offspring motor development
Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Women's Cardiovascular Health
  • Tegan Grace
  • Max Bulsara, University of Notre Dame Australia
  • Craig Pennell
  • Beth Hands, University of Notre Dame Australia
Year of Publication
2014
Abstract
Objective: Hypertension in pregnancy and preeclampsia have been linked to poor out-comes in cognitive, mental and psychomotor development; however, few longitudinal studies have researched their effect on offspring motor development, particularly in late childhood and adolescence. The purpose of this study was to determine if maternal hyper-tensive diseases during pregnancy are a risk factor for compromised motor development at 10,14, and 17 years. Study design: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort Study (Raine). Main outcome measure: Offspring (n = 2868) were classified by their maternal blood pressure profiles during pregnancy: normotension (n = 2133), hypertension (n = 626) and pre-eclampsia (n = 109). Offspring motor development, at 10, 14, and 17 years was measured by the Neuromuscular Developmental Index (NDI) of the McCarron Assessment of Motor Development (MAND). Methods: Linear mixed models were used to compare outcomes between pregnancy groups. Results: Offspring from pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia had poorer motor out-comes at all ages than offspring from either normotensive mothers (p 6 0.001) or those with hypertension (p = 0.002). Conclusion: Hypertensive diseases during pregnancy, in particular preeclampsia, have long term and possibly permanent consequences for motor development of offspring. ©2014 International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords
  • hypertension,
  • preeclampsia,
  • motor development,
  • Raine Study,
  • adolescence
Citation Information
Tegan Grace, Max Bulsara, Craig Pennell and Beth Hands. "Maternal hypertensive diseases negatively affect offspring motor development" Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Women's Cardiovascular Health Vol. Article in press (2014) ISSN: 2210-7789
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/beth-hands/4/