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Article
Multilateral, regional, and national determinants of policy adoption: the case of HIV/AIDS legislative action
International Journal of Public Health (2013)
  • Benjamin Y. Clark, Cleveland State University
Abstract

Objectives

This article examines the global legislative response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic with a particular focus on how policies were diffused internationally or regionally, or facilitated internally.

Methods

This article uses event history analysis combined with multinomial logit regression to model the legislative response of 133 countries.

Results

First, the results demonstrate that the WHO positively influenced the likelihood of a legislative response. Second, the article demonstrates that development bank aid helped to spur earlier legislative action. Third, the results demonstrate that developed countries acted earlier than developing countries. And finally, the onset and severity of the HIV/AIDS epidemic was a significant influence on the legislative response.

Conclusion

Multilateral organizations have a positive influence in global policy diffusion through informational advocacy, technical assistance, and financial aid. It is also clear that internal stressors play key roles in legislative action seen clearly through earlier action being taken in countries where the shock of the onset of HIV/AIDS occurred earlier and earlier responses taken where the epidemic was more severe.

Keywords
  • policy diffusion; hiv/aids; multilateral organizations
Disciplines
Publication Date
2013
Citation Information
Benjamin Y. Clark. "Multilateral, regional, and national determinants of policy adoption: the case of HIV/AIDS legislative action" International Journal of Public Health Vol. 58 Iss. 2 (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/benjamin_clark/4/