Radar measurements of neutral winds and temperatures in the equatorial E regionJournal of Geophysical Research (1976)
AbstractThe phase velocity of type 1 irregularities in the equatorial electrojet, which can be easily measured by radar, depends upon both the ion acoustic velocity (and hence the temperature) in the medium and the neutral wind velocity. By measuring the phase velocity at several zenith angles both of these quantities in principle can be determined. This note describes the technique and its limitations and presents a few preliminary results obtained at 50 MHz at the Jicamarca Radar Observatory in Peru. These results show E region east-west wind velocities as large as 100 m/s, temperature variations of greater than 100°K, and substantial longitudinal variations, at times, in both wind velocity and temperature.
- E region
Publication DateJanuary 1, 1976
Citation InformationBalsley, B. B., B. G. Fejer, D. T. Farley, and R. F. Woodman, Radar measurements of neutral winds and temperatures in the equatorial E region, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 1457, 1976.