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An empirical model of quiet dayionospheric electric fields of middle and low latitudes
Journal of Geophysical Research (1980)
  • A. D. Richmond
  • M. Blanc
  • B. A. Emery
  • R. H. Wand
  • Bela G. Fejer, Utah State University
  • R. F. Woodland
  • S. Ganguly
  • P. Amyenc
  • R. A. Behnke
  • C. Calderon
  • J. V. Evans
Seasonally averaged quiet-day F region ionospheric E × B drift observations from the Millstone Hill, St. Santin, Arecibo, and Jicamarca incoherent scatter radars are used to produce a model of the middle and low-latitude electric field for solar minimum conditions. A function similar to an electrostatic potential is fitted to the data to provide model values continuous in latitude, longitude, time of day, and day of the year. This model is intended to serve as a reference standard for applications requiring global knowledge of the mean electric field or requiring information at some location removed from the observing radars. This article contains supplementary material.
  • empirical,
  • model,
  • quiet,
  • day,
  • ionosphere,
  • electric,
  • field,
  • middle,
  • low,
  • latitude
Publication Date
September 1, 1980
Publisher Statement
Copyright © 1980 by the American Geophysical Union. DOI: 10.1029/JA085iA09p04658
Citation Information
Richmond, A. D., M. Blanc, B. A. Emery, R. H. Wand, B. G. Fejer, R. F. Woodman, S. Ganguly, P. Amyenc, R. A. Behnke, C. Calderon, and J. V. Evans, An empirical model of quiet day ionospheric electric fields of middle and low latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 4658, 1980.