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Quiet time equatorial F region vertical plasma drift model derived from ROCSAT-1 observations
Journal of Geophysical Research (2008)
  • Bela G. Fejer, Utah State University
  • J. W. Jensen
  • S. Y. Su
[1] We have used five years of measurements on board the ROCSAT-1 satellite to develop a detailed quiet time global empirical model for equatorial F region vertical plasma drifts. This model describes the local time, seasonal and longitudinal dependence of the vertical drifts for an altitude of 600 km under moderate and high solar flux conditions. The model results are in excellent agreement with measurements from the Jicamarca radar and also from other ground-based and in situ probes. We show that the longitudinal dependence of the daytime and nighttime vertical drifts is much stronger than reported earlier, especially during December and June solstice. The late night downward drift velocities are larger in the eastern than in the western hemisphere at all seasons, the morning and afternoon December solstice drifts have significantly different longitudinal dependence, and the daytime upward drifts have strong wave number-four signatures during equinox and June solstice. The largest evening upward drifts occur during equinox and December solstice near the American sector. The longitudinal variations of the evening prereversal velocity peaks during December and June solstice are anti-correlated, which further indicates the importance of conductivity effects on the electrodynamics of the equatorial ionosphere.
  • quiet,
  • time,
  • equator,
  • F region,
  • Vertical,
  • plasma,
  • drift,
  • ROCSAT 1,
  • observations
Publication Date
May 1, 2008
Publisher Statement
Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union. DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012801
Citation Information
Fejer, B. G., J. W. Jensen, and S.-Y. Su, Quiet time equatorial F region vertical plasma drift model derived from ROCSAT-1 observations, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A10304, doi:10.1029/2007JA012376, 2008.