Skip to main content
Article
Systemic antibiotics and tooth loss in periodontal disease
Meyers Primary Care Institute Publications and Presentations
  • Joana Cunha-Cruz, University of Washington
  • Philippe P. Hujoel, University of Washington
  • Gerardo Maupome, Indiana University School of Dentistry
  • Barry G. Saver, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Meyers Primary Care Institute; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Date
9-1-2008
Document Type
Article
Medical Subject Headings
Anti-Bacterial Agents; Case-Control Studies; Chi-Square Distribution; Cohort Studies; Drug Administration Schedule; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Periodontal Diseases; Retrospective Studies; Severity of Illness Index; Therapeutics; Tooth Loss
Abstract
Systemic antibiotics have been recommended for the treatment of destructive periodontal disease. Our goal was to relate antibiotic use for medical or dental reasons to subsequent tooth loss in a cohort of 12,631 persons with destructive periodontal disease. After adjustment for age, smoking, and other confounders, the dispensing of antibiotics for 1-13 days, 14-20 days, or 21 or more days was not associated with reduced tooth loss [Adjusted rate ratio (RR) = 1.0; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 0.8-1.1; RR = 1.2; 95% CI = 0.9-1.4, and RR =1.2, 95% CI =1.0-1.3, respectively]. Numerous subgroup analyses were consistent with these overall null findings, with two exceptions: Longer courses of tetracyclines were associated with reduced tooth loss among persons receiving periodontal care, and penicillin was associated with reduced tooth loss among persons with more severe disease. Long-term, larger randomized trials are needed to provide evidence that antibiotics reduce tooth loss when used in the management of destructive periodontal disease.
Comments

Citation: J Dent Res. 2008 Sep;87(9):871-6. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
18719216
Citation Information
Joana Cunha-Cruz, Philippe P. Hujoel, Gerardo Maupome and Barry G. Saver. "Systemic antibiotics and tooth loss in periodontal disease" Vol. 87 Iss. 9 (2008) ISSN: 0022-0345 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/barry_saver/11/