Skip to main content
Article
Development and Validation of the Leadership Practices Inventory
Management
  • Barry Z. Posner, Santa Clara University
  • James M. Kouzes
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
6-1-1988
Publisher
Sage Publications
Abstract
An instrument to measure the behaviors of leaders was developed using a variety of samples of managers and their subordinates employed in both public and private sector organizations. Factor analyses supported the underlying conceptual framework and investigations of differences by public and private sector organizational affiliation, American and international origins, and gender revealed few significant differences. Discriminant analysis results suggested good predictive validity in terms of leaders' effectiveness and behavior.
Citation Information
Posner, B. Z., & Kouzes, J. M. (1988). Development and Validation of the Leadership Practices Inventory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 48(2), 483–496. http://doi.org/10.1177/0013164488482024