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Article
Notch signaling is necessary but not sufficient for differentiation of dendritic cells
Blood (2003)
  • Barbara A. Osborne, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Abstract
The Notch family of receptors plays an important role in regulation of cell differentiation via direct contact between hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) and bone marrow stroma (BMS). However the precise contribution of Notch in dendritic cell (DC) differentiation is controversial. In 2 different experimental systems using Notch-1-null embryonic stem cells and Notch-1-deficient HPCs we have found that Notch-1 is necessary for DC differentiation. However, activation of Notch-1 and Notch-2 with cell-bound Notch ligand did not result in differentiation of mature DCs or macrophages. Instead, it caused accumulation of immature myeloid cells. Removal of feeder cells resulted in rapid differentiation of DCs and macrophages. Addition of interleukin 4 (IL-4) into the culture dramatically increased accumulation of functionally potent DCs. Lipopolysaccharide was not able to reproduce this effect. Thus, these data indicate that Notch signaling prevents differentiation of mature myeloid cells. Instead, it results in accumulation of precursors readily able to differentiate into mature DCs once the Notch signal is stopped (eg, after cell emigration from bone marrow) and in the presence of other additional differentiation signals provided by IL-4. Thus, Notch is required but not sufficient for DC differentiation.
Disciplines
Publication Date
December, 2003
Citation Information
Barbara A. Osborne. "Notch signaling is necessary but not sufficient for differentiation of dendritic cells" Blood Vol. 102 Iss. 12 (2003)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/barbara_osborne/72/