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Hyperbaric oxygen enhances apoptosis in hematopoietic cells
Apoptosis (2002)
  • Barbara A. Osborne, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is 100% oxygen administered at elevated atmospheric pressure. In this study, we examined the effect of HBO on hematopoietic cell apoptosis. Cells exposed to HBO were incubated in a chamber containing 97.9% O(2) and 2.1% CO(2) at 2.4 atmospheres absolute (ATA). HBO enhanced spontaneous HL-60 cell apoptosis in a time-dependent manner; a 12 h exposure increased apoptosis by 42%. Exposing these cells to hyperoxia at standard atmospheric pressure (95% O(2), 5% CO(2) at 1 ATA) or increased pressure alone (8.75% O(2), 2.1% CO(2) at 2.4 ATA) had minimal effect on apoptosis. HBO also enhanced stimulus-induced apoptosis. HL-60 cells stimulated to die using gamma radiation underwent 33% more apoptosis than cells exposed to radiation alone. HBO enhanced melphalan, camptothecin, and chlorambucil-induced apoptosis by 22%, 13%, and 8%, respectively. Jurkat cells stimulated to die with anti-Fas antibody underwent 44% more apoptosis when exposed to HBO. Spontaneous apoptosis was increased by 15% in HBO-exposed murine thymocytes. HBO's effect on apoptosis did not require new protein synthesis. As expected, HBO exposure increased the intracellular concentration of H(2)O(2). Incubating HL-60 cells in the presence of dehydroascorbic acid partially abrogated HBO-induced increases in intracellular H(2)O(2) and apoptosis. In summary, HBO enhances spontaneous and stimulus-induced apoptosis in hematopoietic cells, at least in part, by enhancing the intracellular accumulation of H(2)O(2).
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Citation Information
Barbara A. Osborne. "Hyperbaric oxygen enhances apoptosis in hematopoietic cells" Apoptosis Vol. 7 (2002)
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