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Substrate-controlled growth and magnetism of nanosize Fe clusters on Pt
Ralph Skomski Publications
  • Ralph Skomski, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
  • J. Zhang, Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
  • V. Sessi, Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
  • Jan Honolka, Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung
  • K. Kern, Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
  • Axel Enders, University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Date of this Version
2-11-2008
Disciplines
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Published in JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 103, 07D519 (2008). Copyright © 2008 American Institute of Physics. Used by permission.

Abstract
The growth and magnetism of nanosize Fe clusters on Pt and other metal surfaces are investigated. Fe clusters have been fabricated directly on the substrates by buffer layer assisted growth under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The mean cluster diameter and the average cluster spacing were controlled by the Fe coverage and the buffer layer thickness. The enhanced magnetic anisotropy of such clusters of diameters between 0.5 and 10 nm with respect to bulk is discussed. Interface anisotropy contributions are compared with direct dipolar cluster-cluster interaction and indirect interactions mediated by the substrate, including preasymptotic ferromagnetic interaction. It is found that this preasymptotic exchange is rather strong in exchange-enhanced substrates, such as Pt, but it decreases rapidly with increasing distance between clusters and becomes negligible for the experimental cluster spacings in this work. Except for clusters that nearly touch each other, the leading interaction contributions are RKKY-type exchange and magnetostatic dipole interactions.
Citation Information
Ralph Skomski, J. Zhang, V. Sessi, Jan Honolka, et al.. "Substrate-controlled growth and magnetism of nanosize Fe clusters on Pt" (2008)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/axel_enders/4/