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Critical Evaluation of Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Strategies for Istanbul with Regards to Water Quality Monitoring Study Results
Desalination (2008)
  • Erdoğan Okuş, Istanbul University
  • Izzet Ozturk, Istanbul Technical University
  • Halil Ibrahim Sur, Istanbul University
  • Seyfettin Taş, Istanbul University
  • Asli Aslan, Georgia Southern University
  • Hüsne Altıok, Istanbul University
  • Nuray Balkis, Istanbul University
  • Ertugrul Dogan, Istanbul University
  • Süleyman Övez, Istanbul Technical University
  • Ali Fuat Aydin, Istanbul Technical University
Abstract
Urban Wastewater Treatment and Marine Outfall Facilities are being planned in accordance with Istanbul Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Master Plan prepared for Istanbul Water and Sewerage Administration (ISKI) in 1999. According to the Master Plan, ISKI initiated in 1996 the water quality monitoring program of receiving water bodies conducted by the Istanbul University (IU) Institute of Marine Sciences and Management and Istanbul Technical University (ITU) Environmental Engineering Department. The monitoring program has been carried out for 10 years in 28 stations in the marine environment. In this paper, the results of experimental investigations conducted for parameters including dissolved oxygen, total organic carbon (TOC), particulate organic carbon (POC), Total-N, Total-P, chlorophyll a, structure of benthic community, turbidity and coliforms have been critically analysed taking into consideration the marine outfall and surface water discharges from Istanbul's major wastewater treatment plants together with the transboundary pollution sourced by the Black Sea. The studies reveal that the water quality in the Marmara Sea is deteriorated more than anticipated before, and it is a necessity to develop international cooperation aimed for taking more effective measures in the area.
Keywords
  • Water quality,
  • Biodiversity,
  • Eutrophication,
  • Monitoring,
  • Transboundary effects,
  • Two-layer flows
Publication Date
2008
Citation Information
Erdoğan Okuş, Izzet Ozturk, Halil Ibrahim Sur, Seyfettin Taş, et al.. "Critical Evaluation of Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Strategies for Istanbul with Regards to Water Quality Monitoring Study Results" Desalination Vol. 226 (2008)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/asli_aslan/28/