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Two-Dimensional Material Nanophotonics
Nature Photonics
  • Fengnian Xia, Yale University
  • Han Wang, University of Southern California
  • Di Xiao, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Madan Dubey, Army Research Laboratory
  • Ashwin Ramasubramaniam, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Date of Original Version
Abstract or Description

Two-dimensional materials exhibit diverse electronic properties, ranging from insulating hexagonal boron nitride and semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides such as molybdenum disulphide, to semimetallic graphene. In this Review, we first discuss the optical properties and applications of various two-dimensional materials, and then cover two different approaches for enhancing their interactions with light: through their integration with external photonic structures, and through intrinsic polaritonic resonances. Finally, we present a narrow-bandgap layered material — black phosphorus — that serendipitously bridges the energy gap between the zero-bandgap graphene and the relatively large-bandgap transition metal dichalcogenides. The plethora of two-dimensional materials and their heterostructures, together with the array of available approaches for enhancing the light–matter interaction, offers the promise of scientific discoveries and nanophotonics technologies across a wide range of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Citation Information
Fengnian Xia, Han Wang, Di Xiao, Madan Dubey, et al.. "Two-Dimensional Material Nanophotonics" Nature Photonics Vol. 8 (2014) p. 899 - 907
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