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Adolescent Suicidal Behaviors, Self Rated Health and Multiple Health Risk Behaviors: Exploring New Perspectives in Suicide Prevention Research
Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology (2010)
  • Stephen Nkansah-Amankraa, University of Northern Colorado
  • Abdoulaye Diedhiou, University of South Carolina
  • Ashley D. Walker, Georgia Southern University
  • Harry Agbanu, University of Ghana
  • Alena Clark, University of Northern Colorado
Abstract
We sought to evaluate the extent to which self-rating of health, gender, and the co-occurrence of other health risk behaviors were related to suicidal behaviors among adolescents. Cross-sectional survey data of Colorado middle and high school students aged 12 to 18 years were analyzed using logistic regression. Main outcome variables were suicide ideation, suicide planning, and suicide attempt. Predictors included self-rated health, self-reported health behaviors, perception of body image, expression of sadness and hopelessness, self-reported sexual abuse, self-reported access to lethal weapon, and expression of school safety concerns. Adjusted results showed respondents with poor health rating had significantly higher odds of suicidal ideation (OR: 2.22), suicidal planning (OR: 1.35), and suicide attempt (OR: 2.23). Reporting of hopelessness was the most consistent predictor of suicidal behaviors with odds ratios ranging from 5.57 (for suicidal ideation) to 17.40 (for suicidal attempt). Factors associated with different adolescents’ suicidal behaviors were different for boys and girls. Findings suggest the need to consider gender differences as regards self assessment of health in order to improve the effectiveness of suicide interventions among adolescents.
Keywords
  • Self-rated health,
  • Suicidal behaviors,
  • Suicide ideation,
  • Suicide attempt,
  • Suicide planning,
  • Adolescents
Publication Date
2010
Citation Information
Stephen Nkansah-Amankraa, Abdoulaye Diedhiou, Ashley D. Walker, Harry Agbanu, et al.. "Adolescent Suicidal Behaviors, Self Rated Health and Multiple Health Risk Behaviors: Exploring New Perspectives in Suicide Prevention Research" Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology Vol. 2 Iss. 8 (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ashley_walker/10/