Skip to main content
Article
When Do Female-Owned Businesses Out-Survive Male-Owned Businesses? A Disaggregated Approach by Industry and Geography
Journal of Business Venturing (2014)
  • Arturs Kalnins, Cornell University
  • Michele Williams, Cornell University
Abstract

Studies have invoked several theoretical perspectives to explain differences between female-owned businesses and male-owned businesses. Yet, few have considered the possibility that differential outcomes between female-owned businesses and male-owned businesses vary from setting to setting, an insight that we derive by combining social constructionism with feminist theory. We articulate hypotheses regarding the outcome of business survival duration based on this insight. Then, using a dataset of one million Texan proprietorships, we test these hypotheses by estimating separate gender effects for many individual industries and geographic areas. We find that female-owned businesses consistently out-survive male-owned businesses in many industries and areas.

Keywords
  • female entrepreneurs,
  • women entrepreneurs,
  • gender gap,
  • small business,
  • business survival
Publication Date
2014
Publisher Statement
Copyright Elsevier. All rights reserved.
Citation Information
Arturs Kalnins and Michele Williams. "When Do Female-Owned Businesses Out-Survive Male-Owned Businesses? A Disaggregated Approach by Industry and Geography" Journal of Business Venturing (2014)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/arturs_kalnins/21/